The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an OECD initiative which looks at reading, mathematical and scientific literacy of 15 year-old students around the world. The Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is a project of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) which aims to improve teaching and learning of mathematics and science by providing data about Year 4 and Year 8 students’ achievement in relation to different types of curricula, instructional practice, and school environments.

Both of these international assessments are now included in the National Assessment Program agreed by the Ministerial Council for Education, Early Childhood Development and Youth Affairs (MCEECDYA), and each assessment cycle involves a sample of Australian schools and students.

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